A competition to find start-ups that could improve lives in Africa has highlighted the growing trend to tackle poverty through entrepreneurship.
The event, known as [email protected] Africa, saw a number of small companies present clever ideas ranging from a battery retrofit for tuk-tuks to an online agency linking pupils to nearby experts to an audience of potential investors in London.
[email protected] came in the same week as the launch of the Commonwealth Alliance of Young Entrepreneurs – West Africa in Accra, where ministers said entrepreneurship was a possible route out of the youth unemployment that plagues parts of the continent.
While entrepreneurship is often touted as the means through which African economies can diversify their employment base and create jobs for the youth, this cannot boost development without investment in infrastructure and skills.
[email protected] Africa involved 16 companies that had made it through a selection process to present their ideas at St James Palace. The event was jointly organised by the Duke of York and the UK’s Royal Academy of Engineering.
Amongst the pitches was a solar cooker that hopes to beat problems with earlier models using electronics which allow it to track the sun. Its producer, Water&Solar100, is trying to fund a rollout to poorer communities by also promoting it to the well-off as an eco-barbeque that can be used on the beach.
Another pitch, which is about to undergo trials in Kibera in Nairobi, gives women a number to text to be alerted to water availability at their location. Its inventor, Kelvin Gacheru, founder of Mobitech Water Solutions, hopes it will save women hours searching for water while also driving down its price because women will be able to make shrewder purchasing decisions.
David Ockwell of Sussex University, says that [email protected] Africa is typical of a new focus within development which hopes to harness free market entrepreneurship in the field of technology. He cautioned that, while welcome, the “fixation” on free markets can’t succeed unless donors have also invested in building up infrastructure and skills.
On solar energy, for instance, Ockwell and colleagues will soon publish a study showing that Kenya’s market for off-grid solar panels, often touted as a free market success, could not have happened if donors had not built up capacity in key parts of the market. For example, detailed research into how the poor use energy and where policy prevents progress has paved the way to the private sector’s success, he said.
Meanwhile, hopes that entrepreneurship could help African countries out of their youth unemployment crises were highlighted at the launch of the Commonwealth Alliance of Young Entrepreneurs – West Africa in Accra.
Isaac Kwame Asiamah, Minister for Youth and Sports said that the alliance would “accelerate entrepreneurs’ social, political and economic integration through peer to peer learning and networking among the youth of West African states."
The number of young people across the continent is set to double to 850 million by 2050, according to the International Labour Organization.