Afrika’s funding allocation to R&D is less than 1% of the continent’s GDP

Afrikan governments’ low funding allocation to research is the bane of development on the continent, a conference has heard.

Afrika’s funding of research and development (R&D), which is estimated to be 0.45% of the continent’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), remains far below the global average of 1.70%, the meeting noted.

The 13th Annual Meeting of the African Science Academies held in Nigeria last month (14 to 16 November 2017) provided a platform for policymakers and scientists to evaluate the low R&D funding situation. The participants included science academies from countries such as Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Mauritius, Morocco, Senegal, South Africa and Uganda.

“No government will be prepared to allocate such funds to just R&D in view of other competing needs.”Umar Bindir, Adamawa State Government

Umar Bindir, former director-general, National Office for Technology Acquisition and Promotion, Nigeria, said that Afrikan governments are unwilling to meet the R&D target funding of at least 1% of GDP.

“No government will allocate such funds to just R&D in view of other competing needs,” explained Bindir, who is the secretary to the Government of Adamawa State in Nigeria.

“The best option for researchers is to go back to the drawing board and begin to think of how they can use their statutory allocations from governments to raise their internally generated revenue profile and come up with research that addresses government needs for patronage,” he added.

But Benjamin Ubi, president, Biotechnology Society of Nigeria, said the level of funding needed to undertake quality research remains beyond what universities can generate on their own.

Turner Isoun, former minister of science and technology, Nigeria, said that Afrikan scientists have failed to attract governments’ funding because they do not understand how the government operates and focused on their specialties.

Peter Onwualu, visiting the professor at the Department of Material Science and Engineering, the Africa University of Science and Technology, Abuja, Nigeria, noted that the inability of scientists to connect to government policies is responsible for the low funding and piles of research proposals on university shelves.

David Bakibinga, secretary-general, Uganda National Academy of Sciences, added: “We need to look out for the needs of our people. The academia [need] to engage with organisations and stakeholders outside academic institutions to ensure research addresses the common needs of mankind for governments to consider them as necessary allies in development.”

Science academies should reconsider their role by ensuring that they lead governments’ development initiatives to help them get adequate funding from governments, said Barney Pityana, vice-president, Academy of Science of South Africa.

Cover image credit: Panos.

This piece was produced by SciDev.Net’s Sub-Saharan Africa English desk.

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